Paul's hermeneutics of the Old Testament citations in Galatians 3:10-14

Park, S. (2018) Paul's hermeneutics of the Old Testament citations in Galatians 3:10-14. Student thesis.

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2018 Park, S. masterscriptie.pdf

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Item Type: Scriptie (Student thesis)
Titel: Paul's hermeneutics of the Old Testament citations in Galatians 3:10-14
Samenvatting (EN): The letter to the Galatians is shorter than to the Romans and Corinthians, but is very complicated. Paul is arguing in a polemical way, whereas we do not know exactly against whom he is reacting. In Galatians 3:10–14, Paul uses the Old Testament, Leviticus, Deuteronomy, and Habakkuk intensively to demonstrate his ideas about the law. Paul’s citations used with introductory formula such as ‘as it is written’ are chosen partly, not entirely in the OT, and the variations such as addition or omission are not arbitrary and are a common interpretation at the time. I would like to summarize the conclusion that can be drawn from Paul’s hermeneutics of the OT citations in Galatians 3:10–14. First, continuity between the OT and the NT can be considered. There is a fundamental continuity and discontinuity between the two Testaments. There is a clear discontinuity, but continuity is even more important. Basically, the OT and the NT refer to today’s Bible in which the word of God is written for the people of God. Paul’s arguments in Galatians were based entirely on the OT as the Scripture. The hermeneutical themes discussed above, such as the Law and faith, justification, and Abraham’s blessing, were never understood without the OT through the revelation of Jesus Christ. The continuity between the two Testaments will allow us to better follow the flow of Paul’s arguments, and interpret the continuous word of God to Christians today who need to deal with the Bible, and apply it to today’s life. Today’s Christians shouldread, use, interpret, and apply the NT in the setting of life as well as the OT through historical and grammatical exegesis. Second, the continuity between Jewish and Gentiles can be considered. How can we receive the blessings promised to Abraham’s descendants? This is an important concern not only to the churches of Galatia but also to Christians today. Paul thoroughly stresses that the works of the law, such as circumcision, Mosaic Law, the feasts and customs of the Jewish, cannot function as true descendants of Abraham. After Christ’s coming, only by the faith in Jesus Christ, not by the works of the law, is needed to receive Abraham’s blessing. He emphasizesthat only the faith in Jesus Christ was sufficient to become descendants of Abraham. As the descendants of Abraham, the range of God’s people surpasses the ethnic Jewish by faith in Jesus Christ. In conclusion, Paul’s arguments in Galatians 3:10–14 demonstrate that Christians cannot be justified by the works of the law, but by faith in Jesus Christ only. The OT citations used for the purpose of rejecting the teachings of his opponents and persuading confused churches of Galatia show how Paul read and interpreted the Law and faith, justification, and Abraham’s blessing in the OT, and they are the scriptural basis applicable to both Jewish and Gentile Christians.
Theologische Universiteit: Theologische Universiteit Apeldoorn
Bachelor- of Masterscriptie: Master
Trefwoorden (NL): Galaten (Bijbelboek). Hermeneutiek. Paulus (Apostel). Galaten 3:10-14.
Trefwoorden (EN): Bible ; Galatians.
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2019 10:37
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2019 10:37
Persistente link: http://hdl.handle.net/11553/129

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